Understanding Property Law

Property in general is what either belongs to or on behalf of something, whether as a physical feature or as an element of that thing. It can also be defined as the right of possession in some cases by the owner. Usually, when talking about property, one person’s property is one’s home, in other words, the physical house is the property of the owner, while any movable property that does not belong to him is his personal property. The possession of the home is one’s individual right, and a common law court is the only institution empowered by the law to confer such right on others.


The law recognizes two basic kinds of property. Physical property relates to the possession of the house, apartment, store, etc. Under this classification there are also two other types: proprietary property and proprietary rights. Private property is not recognized by the law, but there is a tendency to refer to it as personal property, because in most jurisdictions, ownership of a house and similar domains is regarded as personal property.

A few important conditions must be satisfied for a property to be considered as private property. The first condition is that the property must be used exclusively for the owner’s private purposes; it cannot be used for any public purpose whatsoever. A second, important condition is that the use of the property must not interfere with the equal enjoyment of other individuals’ legitimate rights. Private possessions are not inherited by any legal relation, but are acquired legally through purchase or inheritance.

The property actually constitutes two separate concepts: legal possession and legal ownership. Legal possession is actual possession without any right of transfer. This right may be either constructive or non-constructive. Constructive possession is the legal right of constructive ownership. Such ownership is acquired by taking an action that results in the acquisition of legal rights equivalent to that of ownership.

On the other hand, legal ownership is actual ownership, i.e., the right to occupy a place as well as the actual possession of the property. In simple terms, property law is a body of law that governs our right to property. We can study this body of law at length online at the Citibank website, or by visiting the Citibank website, which provides access to a wealth of Citibank related information.

This brief article has attempted to provide a brief overview of property law in the United States. It begins by describing the two types of property, and then delves into the most common legal theories associated with property ownership and property law. Finally, I have explained the benefits of learning about property law as it relates to individual and business ownership.